Using Trees and Shrubs for Winter Interest
By Nikki Phipps
Creating a winter garden can be a unique challenge, but it can also be well worth the effort. Instead of bright colors, winter interest comes from the exciting shapes, textures, and striking colors of trees and shrubs. Since many herbaceous plants are not visible during winter, trees and shrubs must become the dominant figures within the landscape. They are, in fact, the backbone of the winter garden.
Nothing is more beautiful in the winter landscape than the numerous varieties of evergreen trees and shrubs, from broadleaf evergreens to conifers. Common evergreen conifers, such as spruce, pine, juniper, and yew come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and color variations, with varieties of gold, green, purple, and white available.
Deciduous trees and shrubs may lose their leaves in fall; however, during winter this shedding allows some of their best attributes to shine through, revealing amazing structures, forms, and textures.
Form and structure are captivating aspects of winter trees and shrubs. Those having irregular growth patterns can offer the most visual interest. For instance, trees or shrubs with various layers of branches or those that twist make perfect scenes in winter. Unusual form and interesting bark texture are especially significant in the winter landscape.
There is nothing more beautiful than layers of snow resting within the crevices of tree limbs, which creates a lovely contrast against the dark-colored bark. Larger varieties typically produce the most dramatic effects for winter interest.
Consider the bark of various trees and shrubs as an interesting focal point in the garden. It may be thick, thin, smooth, colorful, textured, or a pleasing combination. Nonetheless, bark characteristics can provide an interesting view normally unseen during other times of the year. Some bark exhibits interesting color, such as the smooth reddish bark of Crape myrtle or the silvery bark of Japanese maple, which also has twisting limbs. Another great choice to consider is stunning white bark of Birch, which also has various species that offer peeling or flaking bark. Crape myrtles, Oak leaf hydrangeas, and Sycamores also have exfoliating bark.
There are also some tree and shrub species that produce colorful berries. For instance, the Red Chokecherry shrub produces clusters of glossy fruit throughout early winter. Holly is another one with beautiful red berries amid its evergreen leaves. The Sugar Thyme Crabapple has large, deep red berries that ripen in fall and persist through winter.
Unusual twisting characteristics are another trait to consider. For instance, some trees and shrubs exhibit odd growth habits. Once its unusual flowering has ceased, the branches of Harry Lauderís walking stick contort themselves in such a way as to resemble corkscrews. This shrub is certainly one that will deserve a second look in the winter landscape. Curley Willow trees have thick twisting branches of gold and red.
Donít overlook fragrance. Some trees and shrubs actually produce fragrant blooms in winter. For instance, Witch Hazel produces an explosion of long-lasting fragrant, yellow blossoms in December.
A garden can look drab and lifeless in winter, but with careful thought and selection of trees and shrubs, it can easily maintain interest throughout the year.
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